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   About candidate countries
European Monitoring Center for Drugs and Drug Addiction
Area 65,300 square km
Population 3.7 million
80 percent of the population is Lithuanian, 11 percent are Polish and 7 percent are Russians. Dominant religion is Roman Catholic
Capital city Vilnius
Currency Litas (1 litas=0.25USD)
Official language Lithuanian (lietuviu)
Political system Republic. New constitution ratified in October 1992. The country is governed by the President, supreme legislative body Seimas (a unicameral Parliament of 141 members) and the Government
Application for EU accession 8 December 1995. Accession negotiations started in February 2000
Country information


The name of Lithuania first appeared in written sources in 1009 AD. The modern Lithuanian state was established in 1918 and regained it’s independence in 1990 after 50 years of foreign rule.

Lithuania consists of ten counties and five cultural regions, of which Zemaitija (the Lowland) and Aukstaitija (the Highland) are the biggest and best known. Lithuania borders Poland, Latvia, Belarus and the Kaliningrad district of the Russian Federation. It boasts 99 km of sand-laid seashore and has its tiny Sahara – the dune hills on the Curonian peninsula in the Baltic sea. Dozens of fine lakes, rivers and virgin forests form five national parks and other recreation areas.

25 km north of Vilnius the cartographers set the geographic centre of Europe.

About 56 percent of inhabitants live in three biggest cities – Vilnius, Kaunas and port Klaipeda. Vilnius was established as the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in mid XIV century. Its Renaissance and Baroque old town houses Lithuania’s oldest university established by the Jesuits in 1579.

Lithuania has a modern highway system, several international airports and a major ice-free seaport of Klaipeda. The country is relatively poor of natural resources; however, according to human social development index, the United Nations rates it 52nd among 174 world nations. The major branches of Lithuania’s rapidly modernising economy are services, industry and agriculture. The countries of the European Union are Lithuania’s major trade partners and investors.

Reports on drugs situation

National Reports

Other documents

Disclaimer © European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, 2002
The texts, reports and publications in this section have been provided by the candidate countries' national focal points. The findings, conclusions and interpretations in these documents are those of the authors alone and do not represent the policy of the EMCDDA, its partners, any EU Member State or any agency or institution of the European Union or European Communities.

documents in English     documents in national language

Related Websites
  1. European Commission: Enlargement: Candidate Country: Lithuania - This page provides an introduction to Lithuania's country profile, an overview of of key documents related to enlargement, press releases and interesting links.
  2. Narkotikø informacijos biuras - National narcotic information center website. Information about narcotic prevention, strategy, Phare project against Narcotic, National report, legal acts, news about events, conferences publications and etc.
  3. 321 sprendimai - Site about must popular drug sorts, their harm for health, rehabilitation, suggestions for parents, healing methods. Contact information about institutions and organizations in Lithuania, which can provide help for addicts.
  4. Að galiu - Project against drugs and alcohol use in schools and other education institutions. Information about project events, how to join project group, discussion groups and etc.
  5. Lietuvos AIDS centras | AIDS centre - Official Lithuania AIDS center internet site. Basic information about drug sorts, rehabilitation centers contacts, connection between AIDS and drug use.
  6. SUSTOK! - Information about drugs mainly for teenagers. Narcotic description, FAQ about narcotics, rehabilitation and psychological support organizations contacts
  7. VPSC. Aktualijos | State Mental Health Center - News, events, meetings, workgroups and etc. about drugs, drug prevention and etc. State Public Mental Health center website.

documents in English     documents in national language     bilingual websites

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