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   About candidate countries
European Monitoring Center for Drugs and Drug Addiction
Official name Slovak Republic
Form of state Parliamentary Republic
Population 5.4  million inhabitants
Area 49,035 km2
Density 108 inhabitants per km2
Distribution 56.9% urban; 43.7% rural
Czech Republic, Austria, Hungary, Poland and Ukraine
Ethnic profile Slovak (85.6%), Hungarian (10.7%), Roma (1.8%) (according to other sources, could reach 10%), Czech (1.1%), Ruthenian (0.3%), Ukrainian (0.3%), German (0.1%), Polish (0.1%)
Languages Official: Slovak; other: Hungarian
Religion Roman Catholic (60.3%, thereof 75% practising), Protestant (6.2%), Greek-Catholic (3.2%), Jewish (3.1%), Atheist (9.7%), unknown (17.5%)
Life expectancy  68.4 years (male), 76.3 years (female) (1995)
Currency Slovak crown (1€=42,48 crowns) (Oct. 2001)
Country information


In 1918 the Slovaks joined the closely related Czechs to form Czechoslovakia. Following the chaos of World War II, Czechoslovakia became a communist nation within Soviet-ruled Eastern Europe. Soviet influence collapsed in 1989 and Czechoslovakia once more became free. The Slovaks and the Czechs agreed to separate peacefully on 1 January 1993. Historic, political, and geographic factors have caused Slovakia to experience more difficulty in developing a modern market economy than some of its Central European neighbors.

Economy Overview

Slovakia continues the difficult transition from a centrally planned economy to a modern market economy. The economic slowdown in 1999 stemmed from large budget and current account deficits, fast-growing external debt, and persistent corruption. Even though GDP growth reached only 2.2% in 2000, the year was marked by positive developments such as foreign direct investment of $1.5 billion, strong export performance, restructuring and privatization in the banking sector, entry into the OECD, and initial efforts to stem corruption. Strong challenges face the government in 2001, especially the maintenance of fiscal balance, the further privatization of the economy, and the reduction of unemployment.

Reports on drugs situation

National Reports

Disclaimer © European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, 2002
The texts, reports and publications in this section have been provided by the candidate countries' national focal points. The findings, conclusions and interpretations in these documents are those of the authors alone and do not represent the policy of the EMCDDA, its partners, any EU Member State or any agency or institution of the European Union or European Communities.

documents in English     documents in national language

Related Websites
  1. European Commission: Enlargement: Candidate Country: Slovakia - This page provides an introduction to Slovakia's country profile, an overview of of key documents related to enlargement, press releases and interesting links.
  2. Boj proti drogám - Official site of the office of the government
  4. Správa o Inštitúte drogových závislostí rok 2000 - Centre for Treatment of drug Dependencies
  5.   Vítame Vás na stránke RESOC | - designed to all people, who are interested in drug problems, but mostly to those who are searching for help and a way out.
  6. ROAD * TOMKY -

documents in English     documents in national language     bilingual websites

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