Ljubljana, which was founded as the
Roman town of Emona, is rich in baroque architecture.
Its inhabitants enjoy varied cultural life with numerous
summer festivals stretching from early spring to late
autumn. The 20,000-plus students who attend the University
of Ljubljana keep the city young.
Adrenaline seekers should not miss
the three-headed Mt Triglav (2864m; 9394ft), Slovenia's
highest mountain. Early Slavs believed the mountain
to be the home of a three-headed deity who ruled the
sky, the earth and the underworld. Today, Triglav
is prominently placed on the national flag and is
one of the national symbols. Located in beautiful
mountainous area under the peaks of the Alps are the
Bled and Bohinj lakes.
Slovenia's short Adriatic coast hosts
the cities of Koper and Piran. Koper is known for
its large international port, and it was the capital
of Istria under the Venetian Republic in the 15th
and 16th centuries. Piran on the other hand, is everyone's
favourite little town on the coast, a gem of Venetian
Gothic architecture with narrow streets and bustling
Lipica, located near the Italian border
and world famous because of its Lipizzaner horses,
is probably the world's oldest stud farm. This world
centre of dressage was founded in 1580. The region
of Kras (western Slovenia) where it is situated is
also known for its caves. Over two million years,
water has created a fantastic décor of stalactites
and stalagmites in the 20 km of caves and underground
passages in the famous Postojna Caves.
Slovenes are very keen
on sports and have won Olympic medals in downhill
skiing, rowing, shooting, kayaking and athletics.
Their favourite leisure activity is downhill skiing
in winter and hiking in summer as the country, about
the size of Wales or Israel, is full of hills and